Leather is the most expensive material to be used for clothing and accessories. At the same time, it offers you a great deal of sustainability. But for that, it is essential to know what kind of leather you are looking for.
Leather comes in several types, with each type offering different advantages to customers. In this article, we are going to tell you about the different types of leather to improve your knowledge about the matter so you can choose your type.
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Types Of Leather
While leather primarily comes from animal hide, you might wonder how these types differ from one another when they are all made from animal skin. The types of leather vary, and the quality is affected by various factors, including the part of the animal hide it comes from, the breed of the animal, the climate they have lived in, the food they ate, and the exercise they had.
Leather is a natural material, but hides are highly influenced by the life of animals which also affects the quality of leather. Another reason for the difference in quality can be the processes of meatpacking, tanning, and finishing used in the production of leather goods. Here are five common types of leather:
1. Full Grain Leather
This type of leather is made from the outermost layer of the hide, referred to as grain. This layer is not sanded out or buffed to remove any imperfections; mostly, only the hair on the skin is removed and because they are not sanded, the surface can have imperfections depending on the animal’s life. For instance, if it is made from cowhide and it was rubbed against a fence, there will be scarring from the incident.
Full grain leather without any blemishes is the most prized because they are not very common and visually appealing. It also has more delicate, densely packed fibres, making this full grain leather strongest and most durable. Full grain leather is considered to be the highest quality of leather among all the types.
2. Top Grain Leather
The second type of leather is top grain, and it is very similar to full grain leather except that its outer layer is sanded out to remove imperfections which makes the leather softer and shinier with dyes applied to it. This sanding makes this type of leather visually appealing, but at the same time, it takes away a lot of strength and water-resistant qualities of the leather. Because of its softness and shine, this type of leather is often used for high-end products like bags, wallets, and shoes.
3. Corrected Leather
This type of leather can come from any layer of the hide. It undergoes several treatments to have the corrected appearance for leather. It is buffed to remove imperfection and then dyed or embossed to give it an appealing appearance. This correction process takes away a lot of leather qualities, which makes this type not top quality.
4. Split Grain Leather
Split grain leather is taken from the lower levels of the top grain area of the hide. This layer is usually placed above the flesh and below the top and full grain cuts of the hide. The surface of split grain leather is not as dense and tight as full or top grain leather, but it is still considered good quality. It provides some helpful qualities of leather while being visually appealing to the eye, which is beneficial in the production of different leather goods.
5. Bonded Leather
This type of leather is made from finely shredded and bonded scraps. The amount of leather used in this type can significantly vary from 10-90%, which also affects the quality of the final products. Bonded leather is often coloured and made to look like a particular grain and leather style.
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